Integrated Pest Management Ipm
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Integrated Pest Management Ipm

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For me, IPM just means keeping in touch with my garden. I call this proactive gardening (versus reactive gardening). It’s a morning walk with a cup of coffee, just to observe the daily changes. If you take any opportunity to adjust to what is happening, even if it is a momentary glance as you run to the car, your bright garden will rarely surprise you.

When integrated control methods are used, the positive results are diverse, such as healthier plants, little or no use of potentially toxic chemicals and, as a result, runoff, higher survival of beneficial insects, including pollinators, and better control over a long time. long-term pest populations.

It is important to understand that IPM considers that certain damage caused by pests is acceptable and that the gardener must determine the extent of the damage. Consequently, an extreme approach to treatment will occur only when this tolerance threshold is exceeded. In many ways, complex struggle is similar to ecological gardening. The biggest difference is that when it comes to complex control, synthetic pesticides are an acceptable treatment method at the last stage.

Steps for IPM

The first step is to study developing pest populations. Write down the location, concentration and pay attention to the changes from day to day.

Then correct identification is important. Knowing what they are facing and understanding their life cycle and behavior is an important part of a comprehensive struggle. It allows you to determine whether any measures are needed at this stage, and makes it possible to first apply the most harmless method of treatment. This may include simple manual removal or the use of a single jet of water.

Third, to monitor and evaluate. Do you ask yourself the following questions: is the pest population limited to a small area or a certain crop, or is it increasing? Is the damage getting worse? Is the damage within the permissible tolerance limit? Are there currently populations of beneficial insects? Then, at this stage, you determine your acceptable threshold and decide whether more aggressive treatment measures are appropriate.

The fourth step is the implementation of control measures. Before switching to synthetic pesticides or herbicides, you should first use more gentle methods. Maintaining an active role in overseeing your garden and landscape rarely requires more aggressive treatment options.

The last step is to evaluate your results. Did your comprehensive control strategies work according to your treatment methods? What went well and what didn’t go well. The GIP is not an immediate, but an effective solution. In the same scenario in the future, what would you do the same and what would you do differently?

Comprehensive pest control options to prevent pest problems

Cultural: Plant the right plant in the right place and use varieties that grow well in your growing region. Create an unfavorable environment for pests. Don’t give the parasites any reason to stay here. Crop rotation is a good example of this, as your food source shrinks from season to season.

Hygiene: do not allow garbage and ailmented plant material to enter the garden to protect plants from ailments. ailment-free plants are more resilient and better able to withstand and resist damage that can be caused by certain pests.

Body: This includes creating barriers to prevent pests from entering your plants. String covers are one example. Another option would be to use collars around the stems of tender seedlings to protect them from cut worms.

Organic: Beneficial insects such as ladybugs, Goldilocks and mantises are often found in the garden as natural predators. Other means of control that are less often considered or familiar to the gardener include the use of predatory pests.

Chemical: These control options are the last line of defense for pest control in an IPM environment and can cause no less damage, equally finishing beneficial insects in an indiscriminate manner. Chemicals at this stage may include less toxic garden oils and insecticidal soap, plant substances (pyrethrins, rotenone, neem), inorganic pesticides (such as lime sulfur) and, finally, conventional synthetic pesticides that act as direct toxins.

With IPM, results will improve over time if you learn control methods that are suitable for your garden. By applying all the stages of complex control in the right order, you will get a healthier garden with less time and money spent on pest control.

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